From Microsoft Word
to Microsoft World:
How Microsoft is Building a Global Monopoly


Endnotes

  1. Portia Isaacson. "Visual Basic: huge opportunity for free--Entrepreneurs can find fortune with one of Microsoft's best achievements." Computer Reseller News. Jul 28, 1997.
  2. SEC 10-K filings.
  3. Kathy Rebello. "Software : Bill's Quiet Shopping Spree." Business Week. Jan 13, 1997.
  4. 10-K 9-29-97
  5. Brian Arthur. "Increasing Returns and the New World of Business." Harvard Business Review. July-August 1996. Arthur and others have emphasized the distinctiveness of these new markets. Where traditional manufacturing enterprises faced natural limits on expansion and would thus, outside extraordinary economic abuses, usually fail to achieve dominance of any particular market, the markets in high technology operate under radically new economic conditions where initial success in any market feeds further dominance. In the words of Stanford Economics Professor Brian Arthur, "If a product or a company or a technology - one of many competing in a market - gets ahead by chance or clever strategy, increasing returns can magnify this advantage, and the product or company or technology can go on to lock in the market."
  6. Robert X. Cringely. Accidental Empires: How the Boys of Silicon Valley Make their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition, and Still Can't Get a Date. HarperBusiness. New York. 1992.
  7. Stephen Manes and Paul Andrews. Gates: How Microsoft's Mogul Reinvented an Industry - and Made Himself the Richest Man in America. Simon & Shuster. New York. 1993, p. 192-193.
  8. Manes & Andrews, p. 421.
  9. Wiegner, Kathleen. "Blast from the past." Upside. Apr 1997.
  10. Leslie Helm. "Antitrust in Cyberspace: New Rules of the Game; Laws created in the industrial age don't easily apply to companies like Microsoft." Los Angeles Times. Oct 23, 1996.
  11. Plaintiff V. Microsoft Corporation, Defendant. Civil Action No. 94-1564. Order Re Motion to Approve the Consent Decree. Feb 14, 1995.
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  13. Linda Rohrbough. "Microsoft Too Big, Powerful Say Quarterdeck, Novell, IBM." Newsbytes News Network. Aug 25, 1992.
  14. Philip Elmer-Dewitt. "Mine, All Mine. Bill Gates Wants A Piece Of Everybody's Action. But Can He Get It?" Time. Jun 5, 1995.
  15. Thielen, David. "Macro-soft. (Microsoft Corp.'s monopolistic practices)." The New Republic. May 8, 1995.
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  19. McGarvey, Joe. "Intranets, NT Shape Server Market." SoftBase. Jun 1, 1997.
  20. Josh McHugh. "Santa Cruz Operation is yet another Bill Gates-endangered species. Does Microsoft win them all?" Forbes. Oct 20, 1997.
  21. Glascock, Stuart. "Microsoft plowing developers' minds." Computer Reseller News. Jun 23, 1997.
  22. "Thousands of developers to support Microsoft Windows DNA, Windows NT 5.0 and COM+." M2 PressWIRE. Sep 25, 1997. Portia Isaacson. "Visual Basic:huge opportunity for free -- Entrepreneurs can find fortune with one of Microsoft's best achievements." Computer Reseller News. Jul 28, 1997.
  23. Jeffrey Henning "Dominant Microsoft here to stay." Computerworld. Feb 27, 1995.
  24. Barney, Doug. "Borland fights big brain suck." Network World. May 12, 1997.
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  26. Patrizio, Andy. "Tools under attack." Informationweek. Jun 2, 1997.
  27. Tom Henderson. "Database Dilemma -- Microsoft, Oracle and IBM desperately want to manage your text, audio, video and numerical data." Windows. Sep 1, 1997.
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  30. Portia Isaacson. "Visual Basic:huge opportunity for free--Entrepreneurs can find fortune with one of Microsoft's best achievements." Computer Reseller News. Jul 28, 1997.
  31. Kanellos, Michael. "Microsoft gives shot in the arm to VARs, BackOffice." Computer Reseller News. Apr 1, 1996.
  32. Kanellos, Michael. "AmeriData steps up BackOffice push with Microsoft deal." Computer Reseller News. Jun 24, 1996.
  33. "CRN Quarterly Snapshot: Second Quarter 1997: Entex." Computer Reseller News. Aug 11, 1997.
  34. Kevin Merrill. "Microsoft rolls out flexible co-op plan--Program for its training partners increases the amount of funds centers can earn." Computer Reseller News. Oct 28, 1996.
  35. "In search of the perfect market." The Economist. May 10, 1997.
  36. Moschella, David. "Tyrannosaurus Gates, market predator." Computerworld. Sep 9, 1996.
  37. Julie Pitta. "Justice Dept. Expands Probe of Microsoft; Computers: Action stems from reports that certain Web browsers won't work under Windows 95." Los Angeles Times. Dec 5, 1995.
  38. Elinor Mills. "Microsoft-Netscape legal battle brews." InfoWorld. Aug 26, 1996.
  39. Pelline, Jeff. "IE deals made with empires." C-Net News.Com. November 3, 1997.
  40. Art Kramer and Bill Husted. "Rivals decry Microsoft's newest Web browser: Windows 95 tie will create monopoly, they say." The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. Jul 16, 1997.
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  42. Jessica Davis. "Justice asked to investigate Microsoft bundling plans." InfoWorld. Feb 19, 1996.
  43. Julie Pitta. "Federal Action Sought Against Microsoft. Competition: Netscape accuses rival of violating terms of 1994 antitrust settlement." Los Angeles Times. August 21, 1996.
  44. Kathy Rebello. "Software : Bill's Quiet Shopping Spree." Business Week. Jan 13, 1997.
  45. Kim S. Nash. "Microsoft scoops up Vermeer." Computerworld. Jan 29, 1996.
  46. Stuart Glascock. "Software: With ample war chest, Microsoft spends freely--Internet is common theme in year-long buying spree." Computer Reseller News. Aug 25, 1997.
  47. Symoens, Jeff. "Microsoft suite has strong tools for distributed sites." InfoWorld. May 12, 1997.
  48. Stuart Glascock. "Software: With ample war chest, Microsoft spends freely--Internet is common theme in year-long buying spree." Computer Reseller News. Aug 25, 1997.
  49. Portia Isaacson. "Visual Basic:huge opportunity for free--Entrepreneurs can find fortune with one of Microsoft's best achievements." Computer Reseller News. Jul 28, 1997.
  50. "Thousands of developers to support Microsoft Windows DNA, Windows NT 5.0 and COM+." M2 PressWIRE. Sep 25, 1997.
  51. Jim Balderston. "Microsoft buys into Java multimedia with Dimension X." InfoWorld. May 12, 1997.
  52. Gillmor, Dan. :Microsoft crashes Java dance party." Computerworld. Sep 1, 1997.
  53. Gage, Deborah; Taft, Darryl K. "High-stakes race to control Java." Computer Reseller News. Dec 2, 1996.
  54. Gillmor, Dan. :Microsoft crashes Java dance party." Computerworld. Sep 1, 1997.
  55. Robert D. Hof and Steve Hamm. "Behind The Brawl Over Java: Did Sun's McNealy sue Microsoft out of pique or principle?" Business Week. Oct. 9, 1997.
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  57. "MS, HP And Verifone Align On Electronic Commerce." Telecomworldwire. May 13, 1997.
  58. John Foley. "Microsoft's Financial Clout -- More developers offer SQL Server apps." InformationWeek. Jul 14, 1997.
  59. Jim Balderston. "Microsoft gets sought-after eShop." InfoWorld. Jun 17, 1996.
  60. Samuel Perry. "Microsoft launches Merchant Server." Reuters Business Report. Oct 30, 1996.
  61. Gianturco, Michael. "Hitting on Microsoft Investor." Forbes. ASAP Supplement. Aug 25, 1997.
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  63. Steve Hamm, Amy Cortese, and Cathy Yang. "Internet : Microsoft Refines Its Net Game." Business Week. Sep 8, 1997.
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  68. Dan McGraw. "All technology is local." U.S. News & World Report. Jul 28, 1997.
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  72. Art Kramer and Bill Husted. "Rivals decry Microsoft's newest Web browser: Windows 95 tie will create monopoly, they say." The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. Jul 16, 1997. Stuart Glascock, Michael Kanellos. "Microsoft presets browser links--Plan to push vendor's own content via Internet Explorer 4.0 raises ruckus among OEMs." Computer Reseller News. May 19, 1997.
  73. Elizabeth Lesly and Amy Cortese. "Bill Gates, The Cable Guy." Business Week. Jul 14, 1997.
  74. Steve Hamm, Amy Cortese, and Cathy Yang. "Internet : Microsoft Refines Its Net Game." Business Week. Sep 8, 1997.
  75. David Shaw. "Fierce Battles Fought Over Web Guides for Arts, Sports; Many newspapers are partnering with online companies for leisure listings." Los Angeles Times. Jun 18, 1997.
  76. "Packer, Gates Tie Knot On Online Services." Newsbytes News Network. Jun 24, 1997.
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  79. Charles Haddad. "Representatives of the rapidly growing industry are gathering in Atlanta: to promote 1,500 new titles for the coming year." The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. Jun 15, 1997.
  80. Alexander Wolfe. "Microsoft launches multimedia assault." Electronic Engineering Times. Mar 31, 1997.
  81. Jim Mallory. "Microsoft Ships 3-D Modeling/Animation Software." Newsbytes News Network. Jan 23, 1996.
  82. Lynn Ginsburg. "3D: The Shape of 3-D to Come." Windows. May 1, 1997.
  83. "Widespread Take-Up Of Softimage Tools." Telecomworldwire. Apr 1, 1997.
  84. "Singletrac Signs First Microsoft Licence." Telecomworldwire. Sep 2, 1996.
  85. "Flight Simulator 98 and SideWinder Force Feedback Pro touch down on store shelves." M2 PressWIRE. Sep 30, 1997.
  86. Joseph Gelmis. "The Game Plan For Dreamworks." Newsday. Sep 24, 1997.
  87. Junko Yoshida. "WebTV: Microsoft's consumer foothold?" Electronic Engineering Times. May 12, 1997. Alexander Wolfe and Junko Yoshida. "Windows CE tuned for embedded OS, multimedia thrust." Electronic Engineering Times. Mar 17, 1997.
  88. Sallie Hofmeister. "Microsoft, TCI Talks Seek Mix of TV, Computer." Los Angeles Times. Oct 15, 1997.
  89. Michael A. Hiltzik and Leslie Helm. "The Digital Scramble; The melding of the Internet and television is on the horizon, and Microsoft seems intent on taking control." Los Angeles Times. Jul 28, 1997.
  90. "Boeing, Teledesic to build satellite network." Seybold Report on Internet Publishing. June, 1997.
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  92. Jube Shiver Jr. and Michael A. Hiltzik. "Airwaves Giveaway Gets Static." Los Angeles Times. Mar 13, 1997.

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